We already have the technology we need to cure our addiction to oil, stabilize the climate and maintain our standard of living, all at the same time. By transitioning to sustainable technologies, such as solar and wind power, we can achieve energy independence and stabilize human-induced climate change.
Increasing transportation efficiency is the best place to start efforts to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), which is a primary culprit in global warming.
Transportation efficiency is usually measured without regard for how fuel ends up in the tank, we just assume it will be there. It’s time to develop a better method, one that considers the finite nature of fossil fuels and how their use affects the planet’s ability to support life. Ultimately, almost all energy on Earth comes from the sun, so fuel efficiencies should be measured from sun to wheel.
Fossil fuels are inherently very inefficient because of the hundreds of millions of years of solar energy and the rare geologic events it takes to produce them. About 350,000,000 terawatts (trillion watts) hours of solar energy strike the Earth every year. It took 3.5 billion years of photosynthesis to create world oil reserves that contain about 1,000,000 terawatt-hours of energy. Do the math and you will find that using direct solar radiation is about a quadrillion times more efficient than burning fossil fuels. It is long past time to transition from ancient solar energy, aka fossil fuels, to using the solar energy we receive every day.
Coming back to the Electric Vehicle, producing electricity from solar energy using photovoltaics (PV) is about 5 percent to 20 percent efficient, and solar-thermal electric generation can be more than 35 percent efficient. The current battery charge/discharge efficiency varies from 80 percent to 95 percent. Electric motors are more than 90 percent efficient. As a result, the sun to wheel efficiency of solar-electric power falls between 3 percent and 30 percent. This gives solar-electric vehicles an advantage 50 to 3,000 times greater than burning biofuels.
Industry in India:
The Electric vehicle industry in India is booming and especially after the budget 2020, the government is pushing the industry at a much faster pace which is also a requirement of the hour. There are around 5000 electric cars in India while the yearly sale is around 2.5 million (25 lakh). This opportunity is quickly seized by companies like Mahindra, Maruti, Audi, etc., and with Tesla entering into the Indian market in 2020 is going to be a big push to the industry.
Problem turning to Opportunity:
One of the big problems in India is the charging infrastructure. There are charging stations in Nagpur and Tata set up recently set up charging stations in Mumbai. However, still the presence of the charging infrastructure in PAN India is very weak. This creates an opportunity for entrepreneurs to work on this field as there are no major players working on it.
Employment Opportunity in Electric Vehicle:
Another important aspect of the slow growth of EV in India is that not too many trained professionals are available who can work on the EV. The automobile industry is on a bad note in terms of employability because of the skill miss-match. It is expected that over 1 million jobs will be created (in India alone) in the coming years alone in the Electric Vehicle industry. The requirement of the hour is trained professionals with proper knowledge in EV. One can take such courses from FindMeMentor.
Before ending our discussion here on Electric Cars, we leave you with the video which will inspire you to come to this Electric Vehicle industry.